What is a CMR document?
A CMR transport document is based on the CMR convention, which establishes rules of ownership and responsibility for goods being transported by road. Therefore, the definition of CMR is not a document or a contract, but an international convention.
With a CMR document (known as both CMR freight and transportation document) the rules of the convention are established between a trading company and a carrying company. When signing, both parties agree to a set number of conditions.
When do you need a CMR document?
A CMR document is the standard contract of carriage in Europe. Multiple countries of Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia are also part of the convention.
If your company is transporting goods by road in any of the membered states, you need to fill out a CMR document. This ensures you of two things:
- The carrying company can not refuse or cancel your shipment
- You have more legal protection in case anything happens to the goods
What goods are covered by a CMR document?
All goods transported by road between the countries included in the CMR Convention are covered by the CMR document. It is however very important that you fill out the document correctly. If not, the sending of goods may not be properly covered.
Source: Trading Platform specialist